INS textile regulation ebook – chapter summaryJanuary 25th, 2011
Chapter 1: 2001
Perhaps the biggest news in 2001 was China’s admission as a member of the World Trade Organisation, which opened countless trade avenues but caused significant anxiety for China’s competitors. Meanwhile, governments prepared for the slow abolition of textile quotas with the phase-out of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing. In March, for instance, the European Union (EU) removed its textile quotas for Sri Lanka, Bosnia and the Ukraine, widening the import market for those producers in exchange for lower tariffs on EU exports. In July, the European Commission issued a warning to the European textile industry to change its structure to remain competitive in light of the ATC (agreement on textiles and clothing) phase-out.
*9,500 words and 50 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2001 include:
*EU LOSES INDIAN BED LINEN APPEAL AT WTO
*OLAF REPORTS GERMAN-MALAYSIAN SCAM
*US HOUSE DOUBLES DUTY FREE AFRICAN QUOTAS
*SAFETY FOUND WANTING IN 20 AFRICAN FACTORIES
Chapter 2: 2002
Significant issues in 2002 included the beginning of India and US’s multi-year battle over rules of origin legislation, and frustrating diplomatic wrangles over the WTO’s ATC phase-out. Grumbling exporters and defendant importers could not agree to a final deadline for an official report on the issue, leaving unresolved issues and frustrated stakeholders. The WTO, perhaps in response to the vicious battle between India and the US, launched an investigation into creating a set of global rules of origin regulations, a debate which would also rage on for years.
*15,000 words and 101 articles of varying lengths.
Other articles in 2002 include:
*BLACK MARKET CLOTHES HURT INDONESIA TEXTILE TRADE
*EU MINISTERS APPROVE BED LINEN ANTI-DUMPING DUTIES FOR INDIA*SHORT CHAIN PARAFFIN BANNED IN LEATHER PRODUCTION
*EU EXTENDS VAT REDUCTIONS OPTION FOR TEXTILE SERVICES
Chapter 3: 2003
Chapter 3 follows the textile industry as it crept closer to quota abolition and a liberalised market. The European Union (EU) announced sweeping reforms to its textile trade regulations, and at the WTO the ongoing Indian-EU anti-dumping dispute ruled for India in an appeal, overturning yet another ‘final’ decision. This battle would flip-flop several more times before finally being resolved for good. Meanwhile, cotton became a hot issue in August, as subsidy reforms got under way at the EU and WTO to much global debate.
*4,800 words and 80 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2003 include:
*US SIGNS UNPRECEDENTED TEXTILE DEAL WITH VIETNAM
*INDIA LOSES RULES OF ORIGINS DISPUTE WITH US
*HFCF EMISSIONS REPORT CALLS FOR FLUORINATED GAS BAN
*MALAYSIA TEXTILE SECTOR COULD DISAPPEAR, NATION FEARS
Chapter 4: 2004
Among the biggest headlines was the US-Australian free trade agreement for the textile industry, which received mixed reviews from affected parties. As the ATC quota deadline approached, major textile countries also began to consider their options; a report in the EU predicted economic pain for the European textile industry, vulnerable to demand and high costs. Chinese production was predicted to soar to new heights under the ATC agreement, staking market shares from other nations, building a textile expire. In response, the EU vowed to monitor China for a year after quota abolition, reinstating quotas if necessary. *11,000 words and 74 articles of varying lengths.
Other articles in 2004 include:
*EU EXPANDS IMPORT QUOTAS IN PREP FOR NEW MEMBERS
*NETHERLANDS TO CONTINUE WITH SPECIAL VAT PROCEDURES
*ATC REPORT SUPPORTS PREFERENTIAL TARIFFS FOR LOSING MARKET
*US AND PAKISTAN NEGOTIATING MAJOR TRADE TREATY
Chapter 5: 2005
As the global textile industry abolished quotas for good, reporters documented how the ATC phase-out agreement had changed the global textile sector. Almost immediately, short-term job losses were predicted in sectors like the leather industry, and China’s clothing market share began to grow remarkably fast, sparking restrictions and temporary quotas in the EU. The EU’s REACH chemical control programme was approved, creating debate and controversy for the dye sector especially.
*7,200 words and over 50 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2005 include:
*EU-CHINA CUSTOMS DEAL TO FIGHT COUNTERFEIT CLOTHING
*DYE INDUSTRY SUPPLIED SADDAM KICKBACKS IN IRAQ
*EU TO IMPOSE ANTI-DUMPING DUTIES ON CHINESE/SAUDI POLYESTER
*AFRICAN COTTON PRODUCERS WIN SUBSIDIES FIGHT IN HONG KONG
Chapter 6: 2006
Chapter 6 follows the textile industry through its ongoing trade and policy changes, and its second year of market liberalisation. At the WTO, Doha development round negotiators worked on liberalising the international dye sector, while the EU continued to review and revise its cotton subsidies plan under increased pressure from West Africa and other producer countries. China and South Africa, meanwhile, worked throughout the year to resolve an ugly spat over textile quotas, with China coming out victorious.
*10,500 words and almost 50 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2006 include:
*AZO DYE CONTAMINATION IN PRODUCTS DESPITE BAN
*BIN LADEN TRADEMARK CASE LAUNCHED AT THE ECJ
*GLOBAL DEAL GIVES FREE MARKET ACCESS TO POOR COTTON PRODUCERS
*VIETNAM MEMBERSHIP OF WTO WILL CREATE TEXTILE TRADE
Chapter 7: 2007
In January, Vietnam was formally welcomed into the WTO, giving another major textile and clothing producer access to world markets. The EU expanded its trade deal with Belarus despite its ongoing human rights abuses, and the EU also desperately tried to make last-minute trade deals with China before the end of the last WTO-authorised trade controls in January 2008.
*5,200 words and over 20 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2007 include:
*EUROPEAN STANDARD ON CLOTHING SIZES TO CHANGE BRITISH SIZING CUSTOMS
*EUROPEAN COMMISSION PREDICTS LEATHER COMMERCE GAINS FROM ASIA TRADE DEALS
*INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY STRUGGLES TO SURVIVE RUPEE HIKE WITH LABOUR LIBERALISATION PLANS
*EU PLANS TO MATCH DYE PACKAGING WITH UN STANDARDS
Chapter 8: 2008
The EU compiled a host of textile naming regulations and laws into one EU-wide regulation, and the WTO predicted lower leather duties across the globe as it neared the end of its development round in Doha. By the end of the year, the EU was sparking controversy as it reviewed its anti-dumping duties imposed on China and Vietnam leather products, extending the duties for a year while the investigation continued.
*2,500 words, including 10 extended articles
Other articles in 2008 include:
*DISCORD AMONGST MEMBER STATES STYMIES ANTIDUMPING REFORMS
*POLAND FACES COURT ACTION OVER LOW CHILDREN’S CLOTHES VAT RATES
*EU FASHION INDUSTRY TO BENEFIT FROM ONCOMING EU-BOSNIA TRADE DEAL
*EUROPEAN COMMISSION PLANS TO INCREASE RAW MATERIALS SECURITY – INCLUDING LEATHER
Chapter 9: 2009
This follows textile and clothing international law and regulatory developments to the end of June. The EU banned seal product imports, which sparked a Canadian complaint at the WTO and created debate across the globe. Earlier in the year, the European Commission proposed doubling the life span of production-linked cotton subsidies, extending global deals until 2018. In the US, new president Barack Obama struggled to uphold his protectionist ideals while negotiating lower trade barriers for textiles at the WTO.
*6,000 words and over 20 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2009 include:
*EUROPEAN COMMISSION CALLS FOR MANUFACTURER IDENTIFIERS ON ALL CLOTHING LABELS
*HEALTH CONCERNS RAISED ABOUT CARBON NANOTUBES AND SILVER NANOPARTICLES
*EUROPEAN COMMISSION WANT CURBS ON USE OF RFID TAGS
*SOUTH KOREAN FIBRE PRODUCER WINS FOUR-YEAR LEGAL BATTLE TO CUT DUMPING DUTIES
Chapter 10: 2010
Although the EU faced delays in its biocides environmental health review, it forged ahead on other environmental initiatives such as restrictions on polluting dyes, pushing ahead with chemical registration through its REACH programme, approved more comprehensible textile labelling reforms, and defined nanotechnology health regulations. The EU’s Globalisation Adjustment Fund benefitted Spain. And international knitwear producers gained legal ammunition against counterfeiters through the new multilateral Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). The OECD claimed its shared safety test data had saved the sector millions of dollars.
*12,797 words, and over 20 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2010 include:
*BRUSSELS PLAN TO HELP LITHUANIAN TEXTILE AND CLOTHING WORKERS
*OECD-APPROVED CHEMICAL SAFETY TESTS FACING RECOGNITION IN INDIA AND BRAZIL
*UNIDO LAUNCHES NEW GLOBAL BIOTECHNOLOGY NETWORK
*IFC HELPS MAKE BANGLADESH TEXTILE INDUSTRY CLEANER AND GREENER
*ECJ REJECTS CALVIN KLEIN TRADEMARK LEGAL BID
*REACH RELEASES WEBLINK FOR CHECKING REGISTRATIONS
*FINAL TEXT OF ANTI-COUNTERFEITING TREATY RELEASED
*‘MADE IN’ LABELLING LEGISLATION DIVIDES MEMBER STATES