SOME 12 million tonnes of scrap metal - mainly steel - are expected to enter global markets this decade as redundant nuclear power stations are closed down worldwide; in Europe, there is likely to be a surge from 2003 onwards, via a closure programme for obsolete plants in the eastern European countries applying to join the EU.

Lithuania, Slovakia and Bulgaria have, between them, nine reactors, the last of which is to be shut down before 2009 because of pressure from the EU, which insists that new members abide by its environmental ...

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