EASTERN Europe's vast district heating systems could be converted from dirty solid fuels to cleaner oil and gas in future, because of a Euro 100 million investment in the region's energy efficiency by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

It is funding Dalkia, the energy services arm of Vivendi Environment, which has been creating energy service companies operating district heating networks for municipalities. They are introducing efficiency measures, typically by replacing coal-fired boilers with modern light-oil or ...

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