MEMBER States of the European Union have been placed under increasing political and legal pressure from both the European Commission and the European Court of Justice to improve the environmental quality of their water supplies.

France, for instance, has lost a long-running case at the ECJ, over its failure to ensure the availability of sufficiently clean drinking water in Brittany. In a case focusing on nitrate pollution of freshwater sources, the French government was ordered by judges to clean up these watercourses and told to pay ...

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