THE EUROPEAN Commission is urging EU governments to take new measures against the spread of anti-microbial resistance. In a formal discussion paper, Brussels has proposed a more prudent use of antibiotics and other such agents, including raising awareness among the public, a "prescription only" approach and improved monitoring of consumption. While such drugs had benefits, their use had led to the development of resistance in certain viruses and bacteria, causing prolonged suffering in patients and increased health-care costs, the Commission said.

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